BMC 31

Jan Dismas Zelenka (1679-1745)
Instrumental Music

Ouverture a 7 Concertanti in F, ZWV 188
Sinfonia (Grave–Allegro–Grave) / Aria / Menuetto I, II, I da capo / Siciliano / Folie

Trio Sonata No. 3 in B-flat, ZWV 181
Adagio / Allegro / Largo / Allegro–Tempo Giusto

Hypocondria a 7 Concertanti in A, ZWV 187
Grave / Allegro / Lentement

Sinfonia a 8 Concertanti in a minor, ZWV 189
Allegro / Andante / Capriccio–Tempo di Gavotta / Aria di Capriccio / Menuetto I, II, I da capo

PRO MUSICA BOHEMICA / Conductor Karel Vohanka

If you are familiar with baroque music and haven't heard any Zelenka, you're in for something of a surprise. An almost exact contemporary of JS Bach (he was born in 1679, 6 years before Bach, and died in 1745, 5 years before Bach), who spent his working life in Dresden, well within Bach's orbit, Zelenka produced instrumental music which is quite unique. Forget the familiar territory of Vivaldi, Bach and Handel - Zelenka produces music in his own format (groupings of movements) and his own unique musical phrases, with frequent surprising twists of harmony which catch the listener unawares yet always seem to please. His music is tuneful, refreshing, challenging, and ultimately very satisfying.

In 1697, the King-Elector Augustus the Strong of Saxony had assumed the Polish crown, a step that obliged him to adopt the Roman Catholic faith although Saxony was predominantly Lutheran. Thus the Royal Court at Dresden maintained two religious sides, on the one hand remaining of necessity within a Lutheran context, yet putting up a respectable Catholic "face". Zelenka, born in Bohemia and Jesuit-educated, was in an admirable position to take charge of the Catholic church's musical requirement in Dresden, for which he would eventually provide some 150 sacred compositions. His instrumental works, on the other hand, are far fewer, numbering only some fifteen. Our present selection offers a very typical cross-section. Remaining for further exploration are the six Capriccios, and the remaining five of the six trio sonatas.

Total time: 74:01

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